ICMHD’s commitment to understanding and describing the dynamics of migration, health and development has prompted a strong investment in epidemiological and social research, situation assessments, monitoring and evaluation, training and education, and policy formulation and advocacy that takes into account the changing geopolitical nature of migration and its interaction with health and development.
ICMHD’s research focuses on communicable and non-communicable health challenges and increasingly on the interaction between them. In the area of communicable diseases, it is working on emerging issues in the fields of HIV, hepatitis B and C, and TB. In the field of non-communicable diseases it is working on emerging issues in the fields of diabetes, reproductive health, maternal and child health, and psychosocial health and wellbeing. In terms of the interactions between communicable and non-communicable diseases, ICMHD is looking at the links between diabetes, TB, and hepatitis C. It is also looking at the barriers to vaccination and the effective use of primary health care in situations of population displacement and resettlement.
ICMHD undertakes assessments of health and social conditions in natural and man-made crisis situations where people are displaced. It has evaluated the link between access to healthcare services and social integration of migrants and refugees in Geneva, the health condition and needs of Kosovar refugees in Albania and Macedonia, the healthcare needs and response to tsunami survivors in Sri Lanka and the Maldives, HIV and viral hepatitis among migrants in Europe and refugees in Lebanon and Jordan, and diabetes and TB in Kuwait.
As part of its commitment to institution strengthening, ICMHD develops training courses for Ministry of Health officials, UN personnel, peacekeeping personnel, military and police, humanitarian relief workers, and primary healthcare staff. Its training courses have covered issues such as preparing for sudden and massive influxes of migrants and refugees, sexual gender based violence in conflict and post-conflict situations, psychosocial needs of migrants and refugees and the humanitarian relief staff who work with them, HIV prevention and treatment, and diagnosis and treatment of viral hepatitis in migrant and refugee populations.
Policy Formulation and Advocacy
ICMHD formulates migration and health/welfare policy options based on real-time evidence and advocates for these policies on behalf of its stakeholders. It has worked with the Council of Europe, the Europe Centre for Disease Control, UNAIDS and WHO on policies related to issues such as screening and access to healthcare, the need for new responses to the threat of communicable and non-communicable disease challenges in sending, transit and receiving countries.